Δευτέρα, 22 Νοεμβρίου 2010

Rembrandt (1606-1669)


Rembrandt Van Rijn was born in 1606, the son of a well-to-do miller in the university town of Leiden. He matriculated at the University, but soon abandoned his studies to become a painter. Some of his earliest works were greatly praised by contemporary scholars, and at the age of twenty-five Rembrandt left Leiden for the teeming commercial centre of Amsterdam. There he made a rapid career as a portrait painter, married a wealthy girl, bought a house, collected works of art and curios and worked incessantly. When his first wife died, in 1642, she left him a considerable fortune, but Rembrandt's popularity with the public declined, he got into dept, and fourteen years later his creditors sold his house and put his collection up for auction. Only the help of his loyal mistress, and his son saved him from utter ruin. They made an arrangement by which he was formally an employee of their art-dealing firm, and, as such, he painted his last great masterpieces. But these faithful companions died before him, and when his life came to an end in 1669, he left no other property than some old clothes and his painting utensils.
Famous are Rembrandt's self-portraits, in which he observed himself in a mirror with complete sincerity. There is no trace of a pose in these portraits, no trace of vanity, just the penetrating gaze of a painter who scrutinizes his own features, ever ready to learn more and more about the secrets of a human face. Rembrandt also seems to have been able to get into the skin of all types of men, and to know how they would behave in any given situation. It is this gift that makes Rembrandt's illustrations of Biblical scenes so different from anything that had been done before. As a devout Protestant he must have read the Bible again and again. He entered  into the spirit of its episodes, and attempted to visualize exactly what the situation must have been like and how the people would have moved and behaved at such a moment. He was also a graphic artist. He used  a method which allowed him to work more freely and more qiuckly than was possible with the burin and that method is called etching.
The number of works attributed to Rembrandt varies. He produced approximately 600 paintings, 300 etchings, and 1,400 drawings. Some of his works are: St. Paul in Prison (1627); Supper at Emmaus (1630); The Anatomy Lesson of Dr. Nicolaes Tulp (1632); Young Girl at an Open Half-Door (1645); The Mill (1650); Aristotle Contemplating the Bust of Homer (1653); The Return of the Prodigal Son (after 1660); The Syndics of the Drapers' Guild (1662); and many portraits.



                                                                          biblical scene



                                                                   tobit and anna with a goat


                                                                  the bliding of samson


                                                                 philosofer in meditation


                                                                       the nightwatch


                                                                      musical allegory


                                                    Christ and the woman taken in adultery


                                               jeremiah lamenting the destruction of jerusalem


                                                                             holy family


                                                                     a girl at a window


                                                              self-portrait at an early age


                                                  the archangel leaving the family of tobias


 see : http://www.rembrandtpainting.net/
 source : Gombrich's The Story Of Art


Art & Poetry artaumonde.blogspot.com

1 σχόλιο:

  1. Romance by Edgar Allan Poe
    Romance, who loves to nod and sing
    With drowsy head and folded wing
    Among the green leaves as they shake
    Far down within some shadowy lake,
    To me a painted paroquet
    Hath been—most familiar bird—
    Taught me my alphabet to say,
    To lisp my very earliest word
    While in the wild wood I did lie,
    A child—with a most knowing eye.

    Of late, eternal condor years
    So shake the very Heaven on high
    With tumult as they thunder by,
    I have no time for idle cares
    Through gazing on the unquiet sky;
    And when an hour with calmer wings
    Its down upon my spirit flings,
    That little time with lyre and rhyme
    To while away—forbidden things—
    My heart would feel to be a crime
    Unless it trembled with the strings.

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